Domestic Adoption (Step-by-step
Pre-Adoption Counseling/ Seminar
Adoptive Parents are required to attend a seminar
or fora at the DSWD to help then assess their
Filing an Application
Adoptive Parents files an application for adoption at the DSWD
after completing the seminar or fora.
Declaration of the child as Abandoned (Optional)
If efforts to locate the biological parents shall fail, the
child shall be registered as foundling. The child shall then be a
subject to legal
proceedings to declare him/her abandoned and ready for adoption.
Adoptive parents make arrangements for Homestudy to be
conducted by DSWD or child-placing agency. If the adoptive parents
residing abroad, the Homestudy shall only be conducted by an agency duly accredited by the Inter-country adoption board.
Matching of the child to the adoptive parents based on
Home Study is conducted by the DSWD.
Issuance of pre-adoption placement authority
DSWD issues a pre-adoption placement authority
attesting that the child is ready for supervised trial custody.
Supervised Trial Custody
The child is placed under the custody of the adoptive parents for a period of six(6) months.
Consent to Adoption
DSWD issues its written consent to adoption after
supervised trial custody.
Petition for Adoption at the Regional Trial Court
Adoptive parents file a Petition for Adoption at the Regional
30 days after the receipt of the consent to Adopt.
Publication and Hearing of the Petition
hearing, RTC Orders the publication of the Hearing
of the Petition in the newspaper of general
circulation once a week for three consecutive weeks. Adoptive
parents and adoptee are
required to attend the hearings.
of the Decree of Adoption
Upon approval of the adoption, the court issues an adoption
decree and enters a judgment. Time frame is 6 months
from the date of submission of the Petition for Resolution.
Authorization to Travel Abroad
Once the adoption is
already final, the DSWD shall issue a written
authorization for the child to travel abroad. The birth certificate
of the child is also amended to reflect the names of the
The Decree of Adoption becomes
final after 15 days from date of the receipt of the parties. Provided that the
Department of Justice did not file and Appeal.